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No trace of the missing: Editorial in Dawn, Nov 15, 2017

MISSING persons continue to remain undocumented and missing — and it appears that the courts and parliament are powerless to do anything about this terrible blot on Pakistan’s human rights record. On Monday, seemingly helpless representatives of the federal and KP governments appeared in the Supreme Court empty-handed; they had been required by a special bench to present basic data on the country’s 45 declared internment centres.The information that had been demanded included up-to-date lists of detainees, the offences they have been charged with, whether or not they had faced trial and the length of their incarceration — in sum, the bare minimum information the state should have for any individual in its custody.But the court simply gave the representatives another fortnight to produce the data.

Meanwhile, following a meeting of the Senate Committee on Human Rights, Senator Farhatullah Babar has called for setting up a new commission on enforced disappearances because the existing one has failed to produce results and to publish a six-year-old report on missing persons.Taken together, the events suggest a defiance of the law by some elements within the state and an abdication of duty by other parts of the state to ensure that citizens have their rights and institutions act according to the law.What is particularly dispiriting is that despite the passage of several years and facilitation by the law, the state appears unwilling to take a reasonable position on the issue.The first military operations in the country are now more than a decade old, while the Action in Aid of Civil Power Regulations, 2011, provided a legal framework to bring missing persons within the ambit of the law.

Surely, by now a reasonable solution to what is admittedly a vexing problem ought to have been found.The only reasonable conclusion to be drawn at this stage, however, is that there are some state elements that reject the notion that accountability and transparency ought to apply to at least some security issues.The public, the courts, parliament, the governments and, indeed, the families of the suspects, simply have to trust the judgement of nameless and faceless figures wielding great power over the lives of alleged terrorism, militancy and extremism suspects.Certainly, the long fight against militancy calls for special measures and greater flexibility in dealing with an internal threat that is shadowy and evolving.But the state’s duty is to progressively bring its actions within the ambit of the law — that is what separates the justness of the fight by the state from the terrorists, militants and extremists who seek to inflict harm on the country and its people. Today, there is no justification for defiance of the law, just as there is no rationale for the continuing phenomenon of missing persons.http://www.dawn.com/news/1370546/no-trace-of-the-missing?preview

November 15, 2017   No Comments

Call for setting up new commission on enforced disappearances

by Saleem Shahid in Dawn, November 14th, 2017
QUETTA: Senator Farhat­ullah Babar of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) has called for setting up a new commission on enforced disappearances because the existing one has failed to fix responsibility, register FIRs against the suspects and publish its report as required by the law despite the passage of six years.

He said this in a statement issued here on Monday after a meeting of the Functional Committee of the Senate on Human Rights. Senator Nasreen Jalil presided over the meeting.

Senators Sitara Ayaz, Dr Jahanzeb Jamaldini, Mir Kabir Mohammad Shahi, Mufti Abdul Sattar and Farhatullah Babar attended the meeting. Balochistan Home Secretary Dr Akbar Harifal, Inspector General of Police Moazzam Jah Ansari and Additional IG Chaudhary Manzoor Ahmed were present at the meeting.

The committee took stock of the situation of missing persons in Balochistan and persecution and target killing of Hazaras, besides other issues.

Senator Babar said the new commission should be formed with experts in investigation as members and the reports be made public. He also called for making public the report of the first 2010 commission under late Justice Mansoor Kamal, which worked for only one year.

He said that those who had returned to their homes should be encouraged to depose before the Senate Committee on Human Rights with assurances of protection and confidentiality. Secondly, he said, complete information about the inmates in 45 internment centres under Action in Aid of Civil Power should be placed before the Senate committee so as to proceed further in the matter.

The PPP senator said retired Gen Pervez Musharraf had claimed in his biography that his government had captured 689 militants and handed over 369 to the US without trial for bounties worth millions of dollars. Since Gen Musharraf was not held accountable for this act, some elements might think that they could also get away with impunity with disappearing people, he said.

He said parliament should be informed about the details of those handed over by Gen Musharraf to foreign countries without trial and legal process.

Mr Babar said that for raising the comfort level of victims they should be assured of protection as well as confidentiality of their statements made before the committee. Members of the committee should state on oath that they would not disclose statements made by the recovered people before them, he added.

He said the Action in Aid of Civil Power was promulgated in 2011 but was given retrospective effect from 2008 to enable security agencies to bring those detained by them for years into the open for their trial.

“Now, the security agencies should reciprocate by not obstructing the recovered persons from deposing before the Senate committee in complete confidence,” Mr Babar said. If it appeared that the recovered persons were obstructed from appearing before the committee, it would only strengthen the lingering suspicion that “invisible elements” were more powerful than parliament, courts and the Commission on Enforced Disappearances, he warned.

The committee reviewed the situation prevailing in Balochistan and observed that police and other law enforcement agencies were facing problems in their work and they needed latest equipment and bombproof vehicles.

The committee called upon the federal government to provide bombproof vehicles and other latest equipment to Balochistan police and other law enforcement agencies as it would boost their morale in fighting terrorism.

Members of the committee said the National Action Programme should be implemented in letter and spirit in Balochistan. They expressed the hope that police and other forces would continue their action to curb terrorism in the province. The committee paid tribute to the martyred personnel of police and other law enforcement agencies.

Home Secretary Dr Akbar Harifal and IG Moazzam Jah Ansari briefed the committee on the steps so far taken by the Balochistan government in connection with the missing persons and providing protection to the people of the Hazara community and pilgrims.

Mr Ansari said special arrangements were being made for training of Balochistan Elite Force in Sindh and Punjab.https://www.dawn.com/news/1370346/call-for-setting-up-new-commission-on-enforced-disappearances

Sindh IG orders inquiry into alleged police torture : Report in Dawn, November 14th, 2017
KARACHI: The IGP Sindh has ordered an inquiry against those policemen who allegedly detained a citizen and subjected him to torture while in custody before releasing him after extracting money, officials said on Monday.

SITE SP Asif Ahmed Bughio told Dawn that preliminary probe revealed that SITE police detained the citizen, Abdul Malik, a shopkeeper, from Ittehad Town two days ago and kept him in police custody where he was allegedly tortured and only released after money was paid.

The officer said that so far the torture victim has not approached the police to lodge a case. IGP Sindh A.D. Khowaja took notice of the incident after it was highlighted by the media.

Mr Khowaja directed DIG West to submit a detailed inquiry report about the incident. The IG also sought an immediate explanation from SSP West.

The provincial police chief said that not only should action be taken against the policemen who subjected the citizen to torture but departmental action should also be taken against the supervisory officer of the police in the area.https://www.dawn.com/news/1370374/sindh-ig-orders-inquiry-into-alleged-police-torture

November 14, 2017   No Comments

ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCES: Supreme Court seeks report on detainees in two weeks

by Terence J Sigamony in The Nation, November 14, 2017
ISLAMABAD – The Supreme Court on Monday sought a comprehensive report from the Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances (COIOED) on the persons detained in internment centres across the country within two weeks .

The Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances (COIOED) was also directed to file a report on pending cases in the commission, in which there has been no conclusive finding as yet.

A two-member bench, comprising Justice Ejaz Afzal and Justice Maqbool Baqir, was hearing the cases of missing persons.

The bench directed the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa additional advocate general to arrange a meeting of missing person Tasif Ali with his family.

Tasif Ali disappeared on November 23, 2012, but after the directions of the apex court in the beginning of 2016, the authorities informed the court that he was detained in an interment centre at Kohat.

The court on June 15, 2016, directed the authorities to arrange Tasif’s meeting with his wife and other family members, but that did not happen.

The Punjab police, on the complaint of Abida Malik, wife of Tasif Ali, on November 23, 2011, registered FIR 386/13 against Major Haider of Military Intelligence (MI) at Sadiqabad police station, Rawalpindi.

Abida Malik claimed Major Haider whose real name is Major Ahsan Ali took away her husband in 2012 over some dispute, and after that she had no information about him.

Justice Ejaz said if the detainees were involved in any crime, they should be awarded sentence, but if they had committed no offence, they should be freed.

The bench heard the cases of missing persons, Umar Hayat, Umar Bakht, Abdur Rehman, Syed Ahmed, Naveed Rehman, Naseem Iqbal, Muhammad Ismail, Waleed Osama and Haroon Muhammad.

Amina Masood, chairperson, Defence of Human Rights, said Umar Hayat, Umar Bakht, Abdur Rehman and Syed Ahmed had not been produced so far despite the fact that their cases had been pending for the last seven years.

She prayed to the bench to set a timeframe for the commission for the disposal of missing persons’ cases, after which the august court should hear them.

Amina Masood said Osama Waleed was picked up from Karachi in 2008 on the charges of terrorism and was kept in Adiala Jail. However, the Chakwal district and sessions judge cleared his name. She said he was again picked up by agency officials after the release and kept at an undisclosed location. Amina prayed to the court to order his production.

Amir Muhammad said his brother Haroon Muhammad was kidnapped by the agencies in 2010. He said the apex court and the Commission on Enforced Disappearances passed the order in 2013 for the registration of a case against those who were behind his enforced disappearance.

Justice Ejaz directed the deputy attorney general to verify whereabouts of Haroon within two weeks .http://nation.com.pk/14-Nov-2017/supreme-court-seeks-report-on-detainees-in-two-weeks

November 14, 2017   No Comments

Federal, KP govts fail to obtain missing persons data

Report in Dawn, November 14th, 2017
ISLAMABAD: Despite directions to present records of people incarcerated forcibly, representatives of the federal and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) governments showed up empty-handed in the Supreme Court on Monday when it took up the case of missing persons.

At the last hearing on Oct 26, a two-judge Supreme Court bench, headed by Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan, had ordered the two governments to submit complete records of people incarcerated forcibly in 45 different internment centres. They were also asked to share the latest updates including the offences they had been booked under, whether they were being tried under any law or not, and the duration of their incarceration.

The court had taken up 16 different cases of missing persons and had passed individual orders in each case, mainly directing the Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances to submit a report within 15 days. In some cases, the court had ordered that arrangements be made for a meeting between family members and the detained persons.

When the case was taken up by the bench on Monday, Deputy Attorney General Sajid Ilyas Bhatti told the court that he had tried his best to contact the relevant departments but had not received a report as yet.

Similarly, KP’s Additional Advocate General Mian Arshad Jan explained that of the 45 internment centres in the country, only five or six were within the jurisdiction of KP, while rest were under the control of the central government. To this, Mr Bhatti quickly added that the internment centres in KP were the only truly functional ones.

The court, however, ordered both senior officers to discuss the matter with each other and submit the required information explaining whether those who were detained in various centres had been tried and convicted or not, within a fortnight.

Those detained at the internment centres were picked up under the Action in Aid of Civil Power Regulations (AACPR) 2011 for involvement in terrorism related crimes. Promulgated in June 27, 2011, the regulation is applicable to provincially administered tribal areas. The regulation allows authorities to exercise it with retrospective effect from Feb 1, 2008.

On Monday, Defence of Human Rights chairperson Amina Masood Janjua, who has been struggling for the release of missing persons as well as her husband Masood Janjua who was also forcibly picked up, told the court that she had met the 11 Corps Peshawar, who, according to her, had the actual control of these internment centres. She lamented that nothing had come of that meeting.

Separately, the KP government submitted a report before the Supreme Court stating that a meeting of all stakeholders will be called to seek their input to resolve the issue of missing persons once and for all.

Moreover, the cases of all detained persons with prosecutable evidence against them would soon be transferred to the relevant courts, whereas those with no evidence would be released soon.

He stated that the relevant law enforcement agencies and intelligence agencies had been asked to trace the whereabouts of the missing persons.

There was an alternative remedy available in the form of the commission constituted under the Pakistan Inquiry Act 1956, explained Advocate Jan, adding that the commission had taken up 1,448 cases and had disposed of more than 800 pertaining to KP, even though 784 cases were still pending. He suggested that the cases be transferred to the commission, because, he explained, there was an elaborate terms of reference devised by the interior ministry because of which many of the petitions were not maintainable.

The KP report stressed that ‘international terrorism’ and Pakistan’s geographical location had made it the main target of terrorism.

The AAG for KP recalled that the army had been called in most of the districts in the province under the 2011 regulations for Pata and Fata, besides the writ jurisdiction of the high court had also been suspended for the time being within the meaning of Article 245(3) of the Constitution.

On Monday, the court directed Ms Janjua to move an application for early hearing of her petition when she reminded the court about a case she had moved in 2014. In that petition, she had sought the constitution of a high-powered commission to probe what she claimed were the mysterious deaths of 98 forcibly disappeared people.

In a four-page petition, Ms Janjua had requested the court to bring those responsible for the murder of missing persons to book. She also requested that the commission constituted for it should also visit internment centres and unearth the facts regarding the mysterious conditions prevailing in the internment centres.

Ms Janjua contended that she became aware of a number of alleged deaths of missing persons in various internment centres. A large number of family members had regretted before the court that despite their efforts, they had been unable to arrange a meeting with their incarcerated relatives. https://www.dawn.com/news/1370336/federal-kp-govts-fail-to-obtain-missing-persons-data

November 14, 2017   No Comments

27 missing persons recovered, 29 cases disposed of

by Tahir Khalil in The News, Nov 6, 2017
ISLAMABAD: The Inquiry Commission on Enforced Disappearance has issued report of October, 2017 about missing persons on Sunday. According to it, 27 missing persons were recovered, cases of 29 were disposed of while 83 new cases of forced disappearances were registered during the last month.

The report said that 83 new cases of allegedly forced disappearance were registered during the last month which took the number of under investigation cases to a total of 1,440, while the commission disposed of 29 cases during hearing 34 cases of allegedly forced disappearance in last month and got recovered 27 missing persons.

According to the report, issued by Secretary Inquiry Commission Farid Ahmad Khan, Justice (retd) Javed Iqbal, Justice (retd) Dr Ghous Ahmad and former IG Police Muhammad Sharif Virk heard 334 cases of allegedly forced disappearances in Islamabad and Karachi during the last month. Representatives of police and intelligence officials appeared before the commission during the hearing. www.thenews.com.pk

November 6, 2017   No Comments

Security forces release wife, daughter of Baloch rebel Dr Allah Nazar

By Mohammad Zafar in The Express Tribune, Nov 4, 2017
QUETTA: The Balochistan government has released the family of a top Baloch separatist militant commander who were detained last month while travelling illegally into Pakistan from neighbouring Afghanistan.

Home Minister Mir Sarfaraz Bugti confirmed on Friday that the security forces had arrested three women and three children – including the family of Dr Allah Nazar, the chief of the outlawed Baloch Liberation Front (BLF) – but added that all women and children had been released in keeping with the Baloch traditions.

“Security forces had detained four women and three children from Chaman on October 30. Later on, it transpired that the women and the children included wife and daughter of BLF chief Dr Allah Nazar,” Bugti told a news conference in Quetta.

“The other women included sister of Aslam, alias Acho, commander of the banned Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) who was killed in a security operation, and wife of Dileep, another leading commander of the BLF,” Bugti added.

He showed CCTV footage of the women and children crossing the Chaman border.

“Today, the security forces handed over all the women and children to Chief Minister Nawab Sanaullah Zehri and we have released them… Allah Nazar’s wife left for Karachi with his [Allah Nazar’s] brother Mehrullah,” Bugti told reporters.

He denied reports doing the rounds on social media about the mistreatment of the arrested women. “I have met the women and I am assuring you that they were treated with full respect and honour in accordance with the Baloch traditions,” he said.

The minister said that during investigation, it was revealed that the women were involved in distributing funds to the banned outfits – BLA and BLF. “Despite committing crimes of illegally crossing border and distributing funds among terrorists, the government treated them with respect,” he said.

“This is the difference between them and us. They are killing our women by planting landmines but we present their families and women Balochi shawls and pay them respect,” he said. “There are many families of terrorists living in various cities of Pakistan and we are personally aware of their whereabouts but we are true Baloch, unlike Allah Nazar, Hyrbyair Marri and Brahamdagh Bugti.”

The minister quashed the rumours that the women were abducted. They were arrested, he insisted.

Responding to a question about a delayed response from the provincial government to the arrests, he said: “We have to check all aspects of such a high-profile case. This took three days [for us] to respond.”

Asked why the women were arrested at the border, Bugit said: “We have clear directions from the federal government for making our border management stronger. Since February 2017, more than 11,000 people have been arrested for illegally crossing the border.”

The Balochistan home minister stressed that there should be no doubt now that not only the Afghan soil was being used for terrorism in Pakistan but the Afghan state was also providing shelter to terrorists, including the outlawed Baloch groups.

“The federal government is engaged in improving relations with Afghanistan and I personally [want this] as well because Balochistan is the worst-hit by the violence emanating from Afghanistan,” he said, adding the nation should know who their actual enemy was.https://tribune.com.pk/story/1549116/1-security-forces-free-wife-daughter-baloch-rebel-dr-allah-nazar/

November 4, 2017   No Comments

Cops ‘unaware’ of MWM leader’s abduction : by Ashraf Javed in The Nation, Nov 3, 2017

LAHORE – City police are yet to launch investigation into the alleged abduction of a religious leader who disappeared under mysterious circumstances from Lahore’s Wapda Town late Wednesday night.

Nasir Abbas Shirazi, the central deputy secretary of the MWM or Majlis Wahdatul Muslimeen, was snatched away by gunmen when he was traveling in a car along with his wife and children.

Ali Abbas, a brother of the cleric, told The Nation that the kidnappers were wearing Elite Police Force uniforms.

“My brother has been abducted at gunpoint on the behest of Punjab Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif and Law Minister Rana Sana Ullah. The police have refused to register any case against the abductors because they are powerful,” Abbas said. “We still don’t know about his whereabouts. We have filed a petition in a local court since police are reluctant to report the matter,” he added.

According to Abbas, they filed an application with the Satu Katla police late Wednesday night to get a kidnapping case registered against unknown abductors and their known abettors. But police say they did not receive any application for registration of FIR.

“Nobody has contacted us. We will file a case only when anyone will apply for FIR,” Mujahid, a duty officer at the Satu Katla Police Station said.

It was not clear yet whether the cleric was picked up by any intelligence or law enforcement agency. Relatives say Nasir Abbas Shirazi was abducted by gunmen who were clad in police uniform. They said the cleric was kidnapped because he had filed a writ petition in the Lahore High Court, seeking disqualification of provincial Law Minister Rana Sana Ullah.

Different religious parties Thursday condemned the alleged abduction of the MWM leader and demanded the government to take immediate steps for the safe recovery of the victim.http://nation.com.pk/03-Nov-2017/cops-unaware-of-mwm-leader-s-abduction

November 3, 2017   No Comments

MWM leader’s ‘kidnap’: family nominates CM, law minister

by Asif Chaudhry in Dawn, November 3rd, 2017
LAHORE: The alleged kidnap of Majlis-e-Wahdat-e-Muslimeen’s deputy secretary general Nasir Abbas Shirazi took a new turn on Thursday when his brother nominated Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif and Law Minister Rana Sanaullah to lodge a criminal case against them with the Sattukatla police station.

Sherazi was reportedly kidnapped on Wednesday from Wapda Town here when he was driving his car to a local market along with his wife.

Sherazi had filed a petition in the Lahore High Court against the law minister, seeking his disqualification for passing `derogatory remarks’ against a judge who conducted an inquiry into the 2014 Model Town shooting.

In his application, Ali Abbas claimed that Nasir Abbas was abducted by elite police from Wapda Town on the “order of the CM and the law minister to punish him for filing the case.”

He claimed that “Sherazi’s wife had heard a policeman asking his colleague to convey to Shahbaz and Sanaullah that target had been achieved.”

He asked the police to lodge a kidnap case against the CM and the law minister and the elite policemen who bundled his brother into a double cabin vehicle and took him to an undisclosed place.

Saddar Division SP Rizwan Umer Gondal confirmed to Dawn that the Sattukatla police had received an application wherein the complainant had nominated the CM and the law minister.

He said the matter was in the knowledge of senior police command and an inquiry was underway. He said police were trying to get footage of the kidnap from the crime scene surroundings.

To a question, the SP said that police were still unaware about the men who had kidnapped Sherazi.

He said since the elite policemen were working in all the units of the Punjab police, including the Counter Terrorism Department, it would be premature to say anything about the identity of those behind the incident.https://www.dawn.com/news/1368029/mwm-leaders-kidnap-family-nominates-cm-law-minister

November 3, 2017   No Comments

‘ISI, MI deny detaining missing student’: by Jamal Khurshid in The News, Nov 3, 2017

Karachi: The Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) and the Military Intelligence (MI) have denied that they arrested or detained a college student who has been missing for the past two years, the Ministry of Defence told the Sindh High Court on Thursday.

The court was hearing a petition filed by Abdul Hameed against the illegal detention of his son Abdul Rehman, a student of the Government College for Technology, SITE. The petitioner had submitted that his son was picked up by officials of Rangers and other LEAs on December 3, 2015 and to this date, his whereabouts are unknown.

At a previous hearing, the SHC had directed the defence ministry to ascertain the detainee’s whereabouts from the ISI and MI. In Thursday’s hearing, the ministry told the court that the two intelligence agencies, which are working under its administrative control, had informed that the petitioner’s son was not in their custody and denied ever arresting or keeping him in detention. The provincial law officer submitted that four meetings of the joint investigation team were held but no clue was found with regard to the detainee’s whereabouts.

The petitioner’s counsel alleged that Rehman was picked up by the personnel of Rangers from his residence in Gulberg Town. However, the counsel for the paramilitary force denied the allegation, saying Rangers officials had also denied arresting or detaining him.

The SHC division bench headed by Justice Naimatullah Phulpoto then directed the provincial law officer to form a fresh joint investigation team to find out where the detainee was and to also take up the matter with the provincial task force on missing persons to redress the petitioner’s grievance. .http://thenews.com.pk/print/241540-ISI-MI-deny-detaining-missing-student

November 3, 2017   No Comments

Disappearance of woman, children in Balochistan: Govt, opposition walk out of Senate

by Mumtaz Alvi in the News, Nov 2, 2017
ISLAMABAD: The joint opposition along with Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (PkMAP) senators – an ally of PML-N – on Wednesday staged a walkout from the Upper House in protest against the disappearance of the wife and children of a Baloch nationalist leader from the province.

Senate Chairman Raza Rabbani also took serious notice of the matter and warned the State Minister for Interior Talal Chaudhry before giving him the floor, not to say that the woman and her children were not picked up by the state. “They [woman and her children] have been picked up by the state… don’t say that they have not picked up by the state,” he cautioned. Rabbani questioned how the state could violate five articles of the Constitution i.e. articles 4, 9, 10, 10A and 14, saying the five articles of the Constitution which guarantee the rights of a citizen have been brazenly violated in this particular case which is not acceptable.

Senator Farhatullah Babar along with three PkMAP senators Usman Kakar, Gul Bashra, and Azam Musakhel and a Balochistan National Party Senator Dr Jahanzeb Jamaldini, through a calling attention notice, drew the government’s attention towards the issue of the disappearance of the woman and her three children.

Talal accepted that the women along with her children were arrested by the government after they illegally tried to cross border. He said the police were investigating the matter, and he would inform the House by today (Thursday) as what could be done for their early release. He said the government has zero tolerance for the enforced disappearances, as numerous cases which were brought in the notice of the government, have been forwarded to the Commissions on Enforced Disappearance headed by former Justice Javed Iqbal. Talal contended that the commission had resolved numerous cases besides registering FIRs, which shows the commitment of the government that no one will be allowed to forcibly pick the people without giving them the right to plead their cases.

Rabbani said that the government has accepted that the woman along with her children was alive. He directed the minister to brief the House about the issue after getting updates from the provincial government of Balochistan.

Speaking on a calling attention notice, Senator Babar said the country which is set to participate at UN review conference in Geneva next week will have a hard time explaining mysterious disappearances of citizens at the hands of mysterious elements with an alarming impunity. Babar added the latest disappearance of the family of Baloch dissident, the prosecution under PECA of a journalist in Quetta for posting comments viewed as critical of a security agency and beating of a journalist in Islamabad last week by invisible people demonstrated this dangerous trend in stifling dissent.

Senator Col (retd) Tahir Mashhadi of MQM-P, who took the lead in staging the walkout, along with Usman Kakar of PkMAP demanded immediate release of the woman and her children, saying if this remained the situation, no one will feel safe in the country.http://thenews.com.pk/print/241444-Disappearance-of-woman-children-in-Balochistan-Govt-opposition-walk-out-of-Senate

November 2, 2017   No Comments